It is important that you can understand research methods from the perspective of the researcher. This means being able to know what to think about (i.e. consider) in every stage of the research process, from designing and planning the study to gathering and analysing the data to writing and publishing the final report.

In observational research there are a few particular considerations to be aware of, although the significance of these will vary depending on the context of the study.

Here are some of the factors that researchers may need to consider:

  • Choice of observation method
  • Audience Effect
  • Hawthorne Effect
  • Disclosure
  • Ethical Considerations
  • Data collection methods
  • Sampling method
  • Researcher Bias
  • Spotlight anxiety
  • Reflexivity
  • Triangulation
  • Retrospective consent